A Comparative Look at Three Innovative Products to Address Final Consonant Deletion

A Comparative Look at Three Innovative Products to Address Final Consonant Deletion

Final Consonant Deletion (FCD) is a common phonological process observed in early speech development, where children omit the final consonants in words. For speech-language pathologists (SLPs), educators, and parents, having effective tools to address FCD is crucial. In this blog post, we will compare three outstanding products from Bjorem Speech® aimed at tackling FCD, helping you choose the right tool for your needs.

1. Minimal Pairs: Final Consonant Deletion by Rebecca Reinking, MSLP, CCC-CLP

The Minimal Pairs: Final Consonant Deletion Deck is one of the six minimal pairs decks created by Rebecca Reinking. Before targeting specific word pairs, the deck has three cues to assist children with understanding the process of final consonant deletion. 


  • Content: A focused set targeting FCD with 40 minimal pair cards.
  • Approach: Utilizes the minimal pairs method, contrasting words differing only in the final consonant.
  • How to Use: Aimed at helping children recognize the importance of final consonants in word meanings.

Ideal for: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who prefer to use minimal pairs to work on FCD. It’s particularly effective in one-on-one sessions where individual attention can be given to each word pair.

2. Bjorem Speech Final Consonant Deletion by Jennie Bjorem, M.A., CCC-SLP

The Bjorem Speech Final Consonant Deletion Deck gives a visual representation to help children discriminate meaning when children leave off the final sounds in words.


  • Content: A deck with 25 minimal pair sets (36 cards in total).
  • Design: Engaging and colorful illustrations to capture children's interest.
  • Focus: Offers visual aids to differentiate meanings when final consonants are omitted.

Ideal for: SLPs and educators looking for a visually stimulating tool to demonstrate the impact of final consonants in everyday language. It’s great for engaging younger children or those who are visual learners.

3. Cycles Intervention: Initial and Final Consonant Deletion Phonology Targets by Amy Graham, M.A., CCC-SLP

The Cycles approach (Hodson & Paden, 1991) is a well-established phonological intervention for highly unintelligible children with moderate to severe phonological deficits. The targets in this deck were strategically selected based on phonetically facilitated context.


  • Content: A comprehensive set including 60 targets for both initial and final consonant deletion.
  • Approach: Part of the Cycles Phonological Remediation Approach, addressing multiple phonological errors cyclically.
  • Versatility: Suitable for children with multiple phonological errors, not limited to just FCD.

Ideal for: Therapists working with children who exhibit a range of phonological challenges beyond FCD. This methodical, cyclic approach ensures comprehensive coverage of various phonological patterns.

Choosing the right tool to address Final Consonant Deletion depends on your specific therapeutic needs and the child’s learning style:

  • Minimal Pairs Final Consonant Deletion is best for a focused, contrasting approach using minimal pairs.
  • Bjorem Speech Final Consonant Deletion excels in providing visual engagement and clarity in differentiating word meanings.
  • Cycles: Initial and Final Consonant Deletion is the go-to for a broader, cyclical approach covering a wider range of phonological errors.


For more details and to explore a wide range of speech therapy resources, visit Bjorem Speech®. Your choice of material can significantly influence the effectiveness of your therapy sessions in addressing FCD and other speech challenges.

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